Yes.

"One factor analysis of variance (Snedecor and Cochran, 1989) is a special case of analysis of variance (ANOVA), for one factor of interest, and a generalization of the two-sample t-test. The two-sample t-test is used to decide whether two groups (levels) of a factor have the same mean. One-way analysis of variance generalizes this to levels where k, the number of levels, is greater than or equal to 2."

http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handb...on3/eda354.htm