# Thread: interpreting correlations of factors within a questionnaire

1. ## interpreting correlations of factors within a questionnaire

Good day

I have received stats from my university that I need to interpret but without guidelines. I need help with one in particular: It is about a questionnaire with 40 questions that have been divided into 4 factors (4 different learning behaviors). Correlation coefficients for those four factors were established and I am not sure how to interpret them. Out of the 5 significant correlations, 4 are negative and 1 is positive. What I am wondering is whether the positive correlation points towards too much similarity between the two factors so that they are possibly one rather than two factors.

Your assistance would be much appreciated!

2. ## Re: interpreting correlations of factors within a questionnaire

Look into "Factor Analysis". Given the basic level information you provided it is hard to understand what you have and how to help you.

How many people completed the questionnaire?

3. ## Re: interpreting correlations of factors within a questionnaire

There are 494 respondents. The problem is that I only received the results but not the raw data. A factor analysis was not done and I was wondering if the correlation coefficients between the factors can tell me anything

4. ## Re: interpreting correlations of factors within a questionnaire

Out of the 5 significant correlations, 4 are negative and 1 is positive. What I am wondering is whether the positive correlation points towards too much similarity between the two factors so that they are possibly one rather than two factors.
There's a difference between r=0.1 and r=0.9, so if you do not report the magnitude of the correlation, we cannot say much.

"Statistical significance" only deals with the question whether the correlation might maybe be non-zero in the population.

With kind regards

Karabiner

5. ## Re: interpreting correlations of factors within a questionnaire

Agreed, that is one reason why I was probing about sample size.

6. ## Re: interpreting correlations of factors within a questionnaire

Sorry guys for being quiet and not exact the first time. As you can see I am new to this...
I have attached a picture with the correlations. Thanks so much for your willingness to help!

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