Do you mean you want to count on how many *days* the share price change was within each of the categories of magnitude you have there? If so, just:
-Calculate standard deviation (of share price or daily return, whichever you're meant to be looking at, I'm not quite clear from the question)
-Divide each daily return by this SD
-Use an AND statement nested within a COUNTIF to count instances meeting each rule - e.g. =COUNTIF(A1,AND(A1>1,A1<2))
To include the cut point in the rule you can do '>=' (greater than OR equal to), etc.
[or just sort them and count them if you find formulas hard]