# biased standard error

1. ### Coverage Probability

Let U0 denotes intercept variance and U1 denotes slope variance. Given that the coverage rate for the intercept variance is 91% (U0) , and the coverage rate for the slope variance is 91.2% (U1) . Also nominal coverage rate is 95%. Then it is written that I have not understood from the...
2. ### SE MultiLevel Models

Not accounting for dependence in observations and not using the appropriate cross-sectional multilevel model results in parameter estimate's standard errors (SE) being biased downward. WHY?