I have read in a paper from Welzel and Inglehart 2016, that if one follows compository logic (rather than dimensional logic), it is ok to combine variables that do not load well with each other, if a strong theoretical case can be made. So in that sense, should I just use the factor analysis with lower loadings?

Here is the paper: https://www.researchgate.net/profil...digm_Shift/links/57c5351608aecd4514159a62.pdf