# Transforming a negatively skewed ikert scale dependent variable for ANOVA and M.Reg

#### Muppet

##### New Member
Hello,

I have a negatively skewed Likert scale as my dependent variable and would like to use parametric testing (multiple regression and ANOVA). Does anyone have any advice on the best transformation?

#### Karabiner

##### TS Contributor
Re: Transforming a negatively skewed ikert scale dependent variable for ANOVA and M.R

why do you think that you want transform your dependent variable? Linear Regression or ANOVA don't assume normally distributed dependent variables (the residuals should be sampled from a normally distributed population, and even this is assumed only for smaller samples).

With kind regards

K.

#### Muppet

##### New Member
Re: Transforming a negatively skewed ikert scale dependent variable for ANOVA and M.R

Hello K. Thanks for the reply. I was thinking that the skew would affect the distribution of the residuals(and does seem to have in a couple of places). It's annoying as I am examining stigma so it is generally going to be skewed data. I am now thinking of using bootstrapping when I run the tests.

#### Karabiner

##### TS Contributor
Re: Transforming a negatively skewed ikert scale dependent variable for ANOVA and M.R

you cannot safely assume that a skewed DV means skewed residuals. In addition, is your sample really that small that you have to bother about normality assumptions?

With kind regards

K.

#### Muppet

##### New Member
Re: Transforming a negatively skewed ikert scale dependent variable for ANOVA and M.R

Hello K., my samples are 78, 79 and 80 - not so small. I am a bit of a stats muppet but I think you are saying that even with stigma Likert scale measures if the sample is large enough I don’t need to worry about normality thanks to the central limits theorem? But if that is the case why is there ever an issue deciding between parametic vs. non parametric measures in the case of non normality in samples above 30? It’s all a bit confusing for me…